Progestins are steroid hormones that are typically prescribed to postpone heat cycles or alleviate false pregnancies in female dogs and treat benign prostatic hypertrophy in male dogs. They may also be used for some types of skin problems or to modify aggressive behavior. Megestrol acetate and medroxyprogesterone are the most commonly used progestins in dogs. Potential side effects include increased thirst and appetite, behavioral changes, mammary gland enlargement, and an increased likelihood of developing diabetes mellitus, acromegaly (a hormonal disease that causes enlargement of the head), Cushing’s disease, uterine infection (pyometra), reproductive disorders, and some types of cancer.
This medication does not affect swelling and is only for the treatment of pain. Canine-Specific Non- Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory drugs (NSAID) such as Rimadyl, deracoxib, Previcox or meloxicam are needed to decrease swelling. These medications actively target and inhibit inflammation, and in some case may speed recovery (especially when treating an acute injury). Sometimes your vet will prescribe a NSAID alongside Tramadol. Depending on your pet’s pain levels, they may need to be on their anti-inflammatory medication for a longer or shorter amount of time than the Tramadol.
While yucca is definitely a safer alternative to synthetic steroids, it should be used in moderation. It should be used to treat a specific condition rather than for everyday, regular use. If it needs to be used over a longer timeframe, make sure to give your dog a couple of days off every week from yucca. Too much yucca can irritate the digestive tract and may reverse its benefits, according to Herbs for Pets. ( Dosing for the dried and powdered root is a 1/2 teaspoon per pound of food. But check with your holistic vet if you are ever unsure.)