Compared to the year before the procedure, at 1-year postadenotonsillectomy follow-up, there was a % reduction in acute asthma exacerbations and a % reduction in acute status asthmaticus ( P < for both). [ 68 , 69 ] In addition, asthma-related emergency department visits were reduced by % and asthma-related hospitalizations by %. Patients who underwent the procedure also had significantly fewer refills of several asthma medications. In contrast, no significant reductions were observed in any of these outcomes among children who did not undergo adenotonsillectomy. [ 68 , 69 ]
Topical steroids are available as creams, lotions, gels and ointments; selection of an appropriate product can also provide good moisturization of the skin. The wide spectrum of potencies and bases allows these mediations to be used both effectively and safely while under the care of an experienced physician.
During flares, over-the-counter moisturizing preparations that include a topical corticosteroid (such as clobetasone butyrate and hydrocortisone) are helpful to control inflammation and restore the skin barrier. The intensive use of emollient-based products can reduce the need for topical steroids.